Seniors are likely to be more sensitive to the drugs’ effects than younger adults. The drugs can cause confusion and memory problems that: The new “Z” drugs also have risks. Kinds of sleeping pills (sedative-hypnotics) All of these pills have risks, especially for older adults: Barbiturates Over-the-counter drugs may not be a good choice.Side effects of some drugs can be especially bothersome for seniors: next-day drowsiness, confusion, constipation, dry mouth, and difficulty urinating.A 2012 double-blind, placebo-controlled study gave participants either a placebo or a capsule containing 300 mg of high-concentration, full-spectrum ashwagandha extract, twice a day. Those taking the ashwagandha showed significant improvements.Even the levels of the stress hormone cortisol were substantially reduced in those taking the extract. In an earlier 2000 study, ashwagandha had anxiety-relieving effects similar to those of lorazepam.
An earlier 1998 study found that 200 mg a day leads to increased alpha brain waves and a relaxed, yet alert, a state of mind.
Sleeping pills can have serious, or even deadly side effects. Sleep problems can be caused by depression or anxiety, pain, restless leg syndrome, and many other conditions.
All sedative-hypnotic drugs have special risks for older adults. But recent studies suggest they have as much or more risk than the older sleep drugs. Even if an exam does not turn up an underlying cause, you should try other solutions before you try drugs.
Results showed oxazepam worked more quickly, but by the end of the study period, both treatments were shown to be equally effective.
Bonus—side effects like daytime drowsiness were fewer with passionflower.