The technique of radiocarbon dating was developed by Willard Libby and his colleagues at the University of Chicago in 1949.Emilio Segrè asserted in his autobiography that Enrico Fermi suggested the concept to Libby at a seminar in Chicago that year.
From this science, we are able to approximate the date at which the organism were living on Earth.
He demonstrated the accuracy of radiocarbon dating by accurately estimating the age of wood from a series of samples for which the age was known, including an ancient Egyptian royal barge dating from 1850 BCE.
Before Radiocarbon dating was able to be discovered, someone had to find the existence of the C isotope.
Carbon dating has shown that the cloth was made between 12 AD.
Thus, the Turin Shroud was made over a thousand years after the death of Jesus.